The following are the principal sources of reference and original archive material for the historical and genealogical articles on this website.

Scottish Heraldry and Genealogy


Court of the Lord Lyon
The Heraldry Society of Scotland
Association of Scottish Genealogists and Researchers in Archives
National Genealogical Resource
General Register Office, Scotland
Burkes Peerage and Gentry


Research and Family History


Scottish Family History Societies
The Written History of Scotland
Scotland’s written legacy
National Archives of Scotland, at Edinburgh
National Archives, at Kew


Museums & Libraries


Edinburgh City Library
National Library of Scotland
National Museums of Scotland


“The Irvings, Irwins, Irvines, or Erinveines: or any other spelling of the name: An Old Scots Border Clan” authored by Colonel J.B. Irving (1844-1925), printed and published by the Rosemount Press, Aberdeen, in 1907.
“The Irvings of Bonshaw, Chiefs of the Noble and Ancient Scots Border Family of Irving” by Alastair M.T. Maxwell-Irving B.Sc., F.S.A. Scot., printed and published in 1968.
“The Border Towers of Scotland: The West March” by Alastair M.T. Maxwell-Irving B.Sc., F.S.A. Scot.
“The Scottish Nation” by William Anderson, published in 1861.
“The Steel Bonnets, The Story of the Anglo-Scottish Border Reivers” by George MacDonald Fraser, published in 1971.
“Border Fury, England and Scotland at War 1296-1568” by John Sadler, published in 2005.
“A Short History of Scotland, 1962” by R.L. Mackie
“Famous Scottish Battles” by Philip Warner published in 1995
“The Irvines of Drum and their Cadet Lines 1300-1750” by Donald Mackintosh, published in 1998.
“Kirkpatrick-Fleming, An Anatomy of a Parish in South West Scotland” ed. Roger Mercer in 1997.